Utopic Horizons

UTOPIC HORIZONS: Cinematic Geographies of Travel and Migration

Les Roberts (Unpublished PhD Thesis, Middlesex University, 2005)

Introduction (‘Trailer’)


1.1 Outline of a Discursive Field

1.2 Definitions and Typologies of Travel

1.3 The Dialectics of Movement and Fixity

1.4 A Spatial Turn

1.5 Ideational Displacements: Deterritorialised Spaces of Travel


2.1 Travel and Film: Convergent Practices

2.2 Travelling in Comfort

2.3 Ulysses’ Gaze

2.4 The Travails of Modernity: Dis/placing the Nation


3.1 Ambivalent Trajectories

3.2 (E)migration and Early Film

3.3 Journeys of Hope

3.4 Lost Horizons


4.1 Re-orientations

4.2 Non-places and Any-spaces-whatever

4.3 Zones of Arrival and Departure

4.4 Zones of Stasis

4.5 Zones of Transition


5.1 The Road Ahead

5.2 Wandering

5.3 Roads to Nowhere

5.4 Spaces of Transition

5.5 Cultivating Labours


6.1 The Filmmaker-as-traveller

6.2 Utopic Space

6.3 Cultivating Labours: Cultivating Place


Alexander The Great (O Megalexandros). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece/Italy, 1980.

Alice In The Cities (Alice in den Städten). Dir: Wim Wenders. West Germany, 1974.

America, America. Dir: Elia Kazan. US, 1963.

Arrival Of Emigrants [i.e. Immigrants], Ellis Island (Arrival of Immigrants, Ellis Island). America Mutoscope / Biograph Co. US, 1906.

Arriveé D’un Train En Gare, L’. Dir: Auguste Lumière and Louis Lumière. France, 1895.

Avventura, L’ (Adventure, The). Dir: Michelangelo Antonioni. Italy/France, 1960.

Beach, The. Dir: Danny Boyle. US, 2000.

Beekeeper, The (O Melissokomos). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece/France, 1986.

Beyond Our Dreams (Ji Xewnên Me Wêda / Passeurs de Rêves). Dir: Hiner Saleem. France/Armenia/Italy, 2000.

Bhaji On The Beach. Dir: Gurinder Chadha. UK, 1993.

Bus, The (Otobüs). Dir: Tunc Okan. Turkey, 1977.

Butterfly Kiss. Dir: Michael Winterbottom. UK, 1994.

Cannibal Tours. Dir: Dennis O’Rourke. Australia, 1987.

Canterbury Tale, A. Dir: Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger. UK, 1944.

Clandestins. Dir: Denis Chouinard and Nicolas Wadimoff. Switzerland/Canada/France/ Belgium, 1997.

Cold Fever (Á Köldum Klaka). Dir: Fridrik Thor Fridiksson. Iceland/Germany/Switzerland, 1994.

Crash. Dir: David Cronenberg. Canada, 1996.

Cruise To St. Kilda And The Western Isles, A. Dir: Unknown. UK, 1929.

Drôle De Félix (Funny Felix). Dir: Olivier Ducastel and Jacques Martineau. France, 2000.

Easy Rider. Dir: Dennis Hopper. US, 1969.

Edge Of The World, The. Dir: Michael Powell. UK, 1937.

El Norte. Dir: Gregory Nava. US, 1983.

Emigrants [i.e. Immigrants] Landing At Ellis Island (Immigrants Landing at Ellis Island). Dir: Thomas A Edison. US, 1903.

Emigrants, The (Utvandrarna). Dir: Jan Troell. Sweden, 1971.

Eternity And A Day (Mia Eoniotita Ke Mia Mera). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece/France/Italy, 1998.

Gadjo Dilo (The Crazy Stranger). Dir: Tony Gatlif. Romania/France, 1997.

Gallivant. Dir: Andrew Kotting. UK, 1996.

Gleaners And I, The (Les Glaneurs et la glaneuse). Dir: Agnès Varda. France, 2000.

Gleaners And I: Two Years Later, The (Les Glaneurs et la glaneuse: deux ans après). Dir: Agnès Varda, France. 2002.

Glimpses Of India. Dir: Unknown. UK, 1929.

Grapes Of Wrath, The. Dir: John Ford. US, 1940.

Grass: A Nation’s Battle For Life. Dir: Merian C Cooper and Ernest B Schoedsack. US, 1925.

Great Train Robbery, The. Dir: Edwin S Porter. US, 1903.

Hebrew Fugitive, The (Im Lande der Unterdrückung). Dir: Unknown. US, 1908.

Hunters, The (E Kenege). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece/France, 1977.

I Know Where I’m Going. Dir: Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger. UK, 1945.

Immigrant, The. Dir: Charles Chaplin. US, 1917.

In This World. Dir: Michael Winterbottom. UK, 2002.

Jacquot de Nantes. Dir: Agnès Varda. France, 1990.

Jetée, La. Dir: Chris Marker. France, 1962.

Journey Down Route 66, A. Dir: Christopher Lewis. US, 1994.

Journey Of Hope (Reise der Hoffnung). Dir: Xavier Koller. Switzerland, 1990.

Journey To Kafiristan, The (Die Reise nach Kafiristan). Dir: Fosco Dubini and Donatello Dubini. Germany/Switzerland/Netherlands, 2001

Journey To The Sun (Günese Yolculuk). Dir: Yesim Ustaoglu. Turkey/Netherlands/ Germany, 2000.

Kings Of The Road (Im Lauf der Zeit). Dir: Wim Wenders. West Germany, 1976.

Lacho Drom (Safe Journey). Dir: Tony Gatlif. France, 1993.

Lad From Old Ireland, The. Dir: Sidney Olcott. US, 1910.

Landscape In The Mist (Topio stin Omichli). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece/France/Italy, 1988.

Last Orders. Dir: Fred Schepisi. UK/Germany, 2001.

Last Resort. Dir: Pawel Pawlikowski. UK, 2000.

Letter From An Unknown Woman. Dir: Max Ophüls. US, 1948.

London. Dir: Patrick Keiller. UK, 1997.

London Orbital. Dir: Chris Petit and Iain Sinclair. UK, 2002.

Lost Horizon. Dir: Frank Capra. US, 1937.

Lumière et compagnie (Lumière and Company). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos et al. France/Denmark/Spain/Sweden, 1995.

Making An American Citizen (L’Américanisé). Dir: Alice Guy Blache. US, 1912.

New Land, The (Nybyggarna). Dir: Jan Troell. Sweden, 1972.

Ninety Degrees South. Dir: Herbert Ponting. UK, 1933.

Nostalgia (Nostalghia). Dir: Andrei Tarkovsky. Italy/France/USSR, 1983.

O Dreamland. Dir: Lindsay Anderson. UK, 1953.

Off To The Revolution By 2CV (Alla Rivoluzione Sulla due Cavalli). Dir: Maurizio Sciara. Italy, 2001.

Open Road, The. Dir: Claude Friese-Greene. UK, 1924.

Paris, Texas. Dir: Wim Wenders. UK/France/West Germany, 1984.

Photograph, The (Wêne). Dir: Kazim Ox. Turkey, 2000.

Radio On. Dir: Christopher Petit. UK/West Germany, 1979.

Railway Ride Along French Riviera. Dir: Unknown. Country Unknown, 1910.

Reconstruction (Anaparastasi). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece, 1970.

Roadblocks (Berlêgirtinên Rê). Dir: Stavros Ioannou. Greece, 2000.

Robinson In Space. Dir: Patrick Keiller. UK, 1997.

Shawshank Redemption, The. Dir: Frank Darabont. US, 1994.

Solaris. Dir: Andrei Tarkovsky. USSR, 1972.

South. Dir: Frank Hurley. UK, 1919.

Stand-By. Dir: Roch Stephanik. France, 2000.

Suspended Step Of The Stork, The (To Meteoro Vima Tou Pelargou). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. France/Italy/Switzerland/Greece, 1991.

Tempo Di Viaggio (Time of Travel / Travelling Time). Dir: Andrei Tarkovsky. Italy, 1983.

Terminal, The. Dir: Steven Spielberg. US, 2004.

Three Colours: Red (Trois Couleurs: Rouge). Dir: Krzysztof Kieslowski. Poland/France/ Switzerland, 1994.

Time Of The Gypsies (Dom Za Vesanje). Dir: Emir Kusturica. UK/Italy/Yugoslavia, 1988.

Time Out (L’Emploi du Temps). Dir: Laurent Cantet. France, 2001.

To The Sunny East. Dir: Unknown. Country Unknown, 1926.

Tokyo Story (Tokyo monogatari). Dir: Yasujiro Ozu. Japan, 1953.

Traffic Jam (Jutai). Dir: Mitsuo Kurotsuchi. Japan, 1991.

Travelling Players, The (O Thiassos). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece, 1975.

Trilogy: The Weeping Meadow (Trilogia I: To Livadi Pou Dakryzei). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. France/Greece/Italy, 2004.

Trip On The Italian Lakes, A. Dir: Unknown. Italy, 1908.

Trip To Brazil, A. Dir: Unknown. UK, 1910.

Tunnel sous La Manche, La. Dir: George Meliés. France, 1906.

Ulysees’ Gaze (To Vlemma Tou Odyssea). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece/Italy/France, 1995.

Vagabond (Sans toit ni loi). Dir: Agnès Varda. France/UK, 1985.

Vallée, La (Obscured by Clouds). Dir: Barbet Schroeder. France, 1972.

Vanishing, The (Spoorloos). Dir: George Sluizer. Netherlands/France, 1988.

Voyage To Cythera (Taxidi Sta Kithira). Dir: Theo Angelopoulos. Greece/German Federal Republic/Italy/UK, 1983.

Voyages. Dir: Emmanuel Finkiel. France, 2000.

Weekend. Dir: Jean-Luc Godard. Italy/France, 1967.

Wings Of Desire (Der Himmel über Berlin). Dir: Wim Wenders. West Germany/France, 1987.



© Les Roberts 2016. All Rights Reserved.